A good basic text book is Carroll & Ostlie "An Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics" (about 113.- $) or (including the previous book and adding information about the solar system, galaxies and cosmology) Carroll & Ostlie "An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics" (about 132.- $).
Another book at the same level: A. Unsöld & B. Baschek "The New Cosmos: an introduction to astronomy and astrophysics", 5th ed. Springer, 2001 (about 55.- $).
For those of you who plan to continue in physics and in astrophysics: D. D. Clayton "Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis", University of Chicago Press (about 29.- $).
I will bring those books to the first lecture, so you might want to have a look on them before buying something.
For general physics there are a lot of books, e.g. Tipler "Modern Physics" or Marcelo Alonso, Edward J. Finn "Physics" (Pearson Addison Wesley). As you already joined Introductory Physics I & II, you will have a book like this.
In the following table colour coding is used to indicate the level of complexity the articles have:
- basic knowledge. You do not have to read this article/book, but you should know the basics. Either from this book or from another.
- detailed description of topics discussed in the lecture. Very often review articles. Read as far as you understand them.
- articles about recent research. This is to see what the problems in this particular field are about today. Do not worry if you do not understand much - try to understand what the problem is and how the authors solved them.
|1||Introduction||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 1
The Nobel Prize in Physics - Articles
Some highlights of astrophysical discoveries in the 20th century
|2||Distances||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 2+3
Herter (webpage) Stellar Parallax
Beuermann et al. 2004, An HST parallax of the distant cataclysmic variable V1223 Sgr, its system parameters, and accretion rate"
|3,4||Gravitation||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 2+7
Herter (webpage) Eclipsing binaries
Watson & Dhillon 2004, The effect of starspots on eclipse timings of binary stars
|5,6||Radiation I||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 3+5|
Webpage: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Webpage: Fraunhofer lines
Bergström 2000, Wave-particle dualism and quantum interference
Hummer & Rybicki 1971, "The Formation of Spectral Lines", ARA&A, 9, p. 237-270 Ozel & Psaltis 2002, Spectral Lines from Rotating Neutron Stars
|7,8,9||Radiation II||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 3+5|
Webpage: Blackbody Radiation
Rybicki & Lightman, "Radiative Processes in Astrophysics"
Priraga 2002, Einstein's coefficients and the nature of thermal blackbody radiation
King & Puchnarewicz 2002, Black Hole Blackbodies
|10||Classification of Stars||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 8|
Webpage: Hertzsprung-Russell Diagramm and Stellar Evolution
Reid 1999, The HR Diagram and the Galactic Distance Scale After Hipparcos
Bruijne et al. 2000, A Hipparcos study of the Hyades open cluster: Improved colour-absolute magnitude and Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams
|11,12,13||Interior of Stars||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 10|
Webpage: The Interior of the Sun
|14||The Sun||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 11|
Thompson et al. 2003, The Internal Rotation of the Sun
Fargion 2003, Detecting Solar Neutrino Flares and Flavors
|15,16,17||Star formation||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 12
Evans II, Physical Conditions in Regions of Star Formation
Tohline 2002, The Origin of Binary Stars
Montalban et al. 2003, Convection in the atmospheres and envelopes of Pre-Main Sequence stars
Simon et al. 2004, X-Ray and Infrared Observations of Embedded Young Stars in L1630
Endl et al. 2004, HD 137510: An Oasis in the Brown Dwarf Desert
|18-22||Stellar Evolution||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 13|
Busso, Gallino, & Wasserburg 1999, Nucleosythesis in Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars
Abbott & Conti 1987, ARA&A 25, page 113-150
|23||Pulsating Stars||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 14|
Ngeow & Kanbur 2004, Period-luminosity relations for Galactic Cepheid variables with independent distance measurements
|24+25||Degenerated Stars||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 15|
Liebert 1980, "White Dwarf Stars", ARA&A 18, Page 363-398
Hansen & Liebert 2003, Cool White Dwarfs (be patient with download)
Lattimer & Prakash 2004, "The Physics of Neutron Stars"
Kramer 2004, Millisecond Pulsars as Tools of Fundamental Physics
Liebert et al. 2004, A Helium White Dwarf of Extremely Low Mass
van Kerkwijk 2004, Properties of Neutron Stars
Horvath & Paulo 2004, Pulsar astrophysics : the glitch phenomenon
|26||Black Holes||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 16|
Melia & Falcke 2001, The Supermassive Black Hole at the Galactic Center (be patient with download)
Armitage 2004, Theory of disk accretion onto supermassive black holes
|27||Close X-ray Binaries||Caroll & Ostlie, "Modern Astrophysics", Chapter 17|
|28||Recent research|| |