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Hits From The Last Eight Years
Hubble Space Telescope has established itself as a premier
astronomical observatory that continues to make dramatic observations
and discoveries at the forefront of astronomy.
the successful First and Second Servicing Missions, the Telescope
has achieved all of its original objectives. Among a long
list of achievements, Hubble has:
our knowledge of the size and age of the universe
decisive evidence of the existence of supermassive black
holes at the centers of galaxies
revealed the galactic environments in which quasars reside
objects with coherent structure (protogalaxies) close to
the time of the origin of the universe
unprecedentedly clear images and spectra of the collision
of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter
a large number of protoplanetary disks around stars
the various processes by which stars form
the first map of the surface of Pluto
monitored the meteorology of planets beyond the orbit of
the first detection of an ultraviolet high-energy laser
in Eta Carinae. After the Servicing Missions 3A and 3B,
the Hubble Space Telescope will view the universe anew with
significantly expanded scientific and technological capabilities.
STAR IS BORN
CLOUDS IN SPACE
of sculpted gas in the Eagle nebula (M16) are actually
cocoons for embryonic stars.
funnel-shaped clouds of gas (upper left) were captured
in another stellar "maternity ward," the Lagoon nebula
of gas surround the dying star NGC 6543, nicknamed the
"ZOOM LENS" IN SPACE
COLLISION CREATES STARS
dying star M2-9 is nicknamed the Twin Jet nebula because
the two tubes of gas streaming from it behave like exhaust
from a jet engine.
arc-like pattern spread across the picture like a spider
web is an illusion caused by the gravitational field of
a cluster of galaxies called Abell 2218. This process,
called gravitational lensing, magnifies, brightens, and
distorts images of objects that lie far beyond the cluster,
providing a powerful "zoom lens" for viewing galaxies
that are so far away they could not normally be observed
with the largest available telescopes.
collision between two spiral galaxies has spawned brilliant
bursts of star birth.
pair of billowing dust and gas clouds have been cast off
by the massive dying star Eta Carinae.
large pair of gaseous rings frame a glowing halo of gas
surrounding the massive dying star Supernova 1987A.
peers back more than 10 billion years to reveal at least
1,500 galaxies at various stages of development.
FOR A BLACK HOLE
north and south poles display spectacular oval-shaped
curtains of light, called auroras, which were captured
in ultraviolet light by Hubble's Space Telescope Imaging
has been used to monitor weather conditions on Mars.
spiral-shaped disk of dust is feeding a massive black
hole in the galaxy, NGC 4261.